Pattern Making in Fashion Design
The procedure involved while making a garment is a long and tedious one. Choosing the right fabric, sketching and pattern making are all important steps. One of the most important steps is to have the right fit. If it is too loose then the piece of clothing will look shabby and if it is too tight then it will look too tight and suffocating.
The process of making the right fabric into a garment with the right fit is called pattern making and it helps hugely in dress designing. Before understanding how it helps in making a dress, we need to understand what it means.
Pattern in Dress Designing
Pattern in fashion or dress designing is the template through which parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before being cut out and assembled. Creating patterns is a skilled practiced which requires an eye for detail and steady hands. It is a highly technical skill which is important especially in today’s world where dresses are made for different sizes. The pattern has to be absolutely right with minimal room for error in order to have the clothing made in right size and shape.
As a blueprint to the design, pattern making helps in dress designing in many ways. It creates a structure for the garment. Also called as technical drawing or drafting of the garment, standard sizes, dress form and figures are measured which are converted into 2D patterns and further turned into a garment.
This method involves measurements which are derived from the sizing systems or accurate measurements taken from the person’s dress or body form. Measurements such as chest, hips, arms, legs and waist are taken down and the dress is designed by following the construction lines. Drafting is used to create a basic line format or a foundation on fabric.
Draping is the method of turning a two-dimensional fabric into a three-dimensional pattern. It involves conforming to a shape. The pattern created is transformed onto a piece of paper which is then used as the final pattern. Space for easy movement of arms and legs are given to make it easier and comfortable for the people who wear them.
Designers can see the overall form of the clothing through this method before it is cut and sewed. This method takes the most time and is the most expensive one too.
Flat Pattern Drawing
The flat pattern drawing method involves drafting of the entire pattern on a flat surface with the use of measurements, rulers and straight-edges. It is the development of the basic pattern that fits with ease and comfort in a person or body form.
Importance of Pattern Making
Pattern Making has become a necessary and an important step when it comes to fashion or dress designing. It enables the designer to make different types of garments with different sizes and cuts. It helps in interpreting the design, understanding the technical ability and making it easier for the designer by following lines.
It also helps in the basic development of the garment, especially if it is big in size. Designers can customise any garment according to the need of the customer with pattern making. The pattern should be absolutely right in order to get the perfect fit otherwise no one would buy that piece of garment.
Without pattern making a designer cannot develop a garment. It is the foundation towards dress designing and if you want to become a fashion designer, it is something that you must learn. Many courses in fashion or dress designing include pattern making in the part of their curriculum.
Dress Designing Courses
There are many institutes and universities that have a course in Dress Designing. They are usually a diploma programme of one year. The basic criteria of eligibility is clearing 10+2 while some institutes require you to take an entrance test.
A dress designing course puts emphasis on the art of application of design and aesthetics. It includes all the skills that are needed in order to make a dress. It includes learning how to use a sewing machine, designing different forms of garments like Kurtas, Skirts, Blouse, Collars, Sleeves, Sarees and much more. The course is perfect for those who know exactly what they want to do. Shorter than a Fashion Design course, it teaches specific skills that are required to become a dress designer. People who pursue this course usually aim towards working as a stylist, costume designer, opening their own boutique or becoming a dress designer.
A Dress Designing course can help you learn new skills and polish the ones you already have. It is not necessary to pursue a course but it is helpful in many ways. You can learn about the industry and gain contacts and also gain a lot of knowledge which you might not get otherwise.
The scope is high. The fashion industry is growing and also converging with other industries, especially media and entertainment who are always looking for costume designers, stylists and designers. You can always be self-employed by opening your own store or boutique.
Fashion Designing is more detailed and thorough while Dress Designing puts emphasis on particularly just the process of designing a dress. The courses of fashion designing are longer and sometimes include dress designing.